Tolga Karakan1 · Muhammet Fatih Kilinc2 · Omer Gokhan Doluoglu2 · Yildiray Yildiz2 · Cem Nedim Yuceturk2 · Murat Bagcioglu3 · Mehmet Ali Karagöz2 · Okan Bas4 · Berkan Resorlu5
1 Department of Urology, Yenimahalle Training and Research Hospital, 06340 Ankara, Turkey
2 Department of Urology, Ankara Training and Research Hospital, 06340 Ankara, Turkey
3 Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Kafkas University, Kars, Turkey
4 Department of Urology, Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Oncology Training and Research Hospital, Ministry of Health, Ankara, Turkey
5 Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Samsun Ondokuz Mayis University, Atakum, 55200 Samsun, Turkey
To compare the success and complications of ultra-mini percutaneous nephrolithotomy (UPNL) and standard percutaneous nephrolithotomy (SPNL) techniques. We prospectively analyzed 50 patients who underwent SPNL, and 47 patients who underwent UPNL. The patients with a stone size equal to or smaller than 25 mm and we used flipping a coin as the randomization technique. The mean stone size was 20.9 ± 3.6 mm in SPNL, and 20.3 ± 3.0 mm in ultra-mini PNL groups. Stone free rates were 88 % (44/50 patients) and 89.3 % (42/47 patients) in SPNL and UPNL groups, respectively, without any significant difference in between (p = 0.33). No major complications were seen in the UPNL group. PNL has been modified into micro PNL and UPNL parallel to the technological advances to decrease the complications of PNL. When performed as we do UPNL may be an alternative method to SPNL without any additional smaller-calibred nephroscope and with a similar high success rate.